A new paper published in the journal Biological Conservation shows that more than 38 percent of the Neotropical parrot population of the American continent (Neotropic) is endangered by human activity.
The main dangers: hunting for the local and international trade, and loss of natural habitat.
Despite the fact that the Wild Bird Conservation Act (1992) and the permanent ban on wild bird trade set by the European Union in 2007, capture for the pet trade has been one of the main threats to wild parrots in the Neotropic region. In Africa, the trade of the gray parrot played the main part in its local extinction in Ghana and other areas of Africa. In Brazil, some of the most threatened species are the Spix’s Macaw and the Red-tailed Amazon. The sun parakeet and brown-backed parrotlet are also vulnerable because of their already-small population sizes.
Although the laws are designed to protect these and other birds, the legal and illegal trade of birds is still a problem in South America, Southeastern Asia, and the Middle East. Mexico and Nicaragua have reinforced their laws to protect wild parrots, but other South and Central American countries still have high levels of bird trade.
Regarding natural habitat, agricultural activity, large-scale logging, and other human activities are contributing to the parrots’ decline. Although the study estimates about 38 percent of the local species are threatened, the experts think the real numbers could be worse.
“It would be necessary to promote actions aimed at the effective preservation of habitats and preserved natural areas,” said researcher Juan Carlos Guix. “Moreover, it should be necessary to create social and educational programs with the people who live around the natural preserved areas, and provide security and the illegal trade audit with more resources.”
The study was conducted by an international team of 101 experts from 76 institutions and non-governmental organizations.